3. Edgar Allen Poe
The credit of evolution of the genre of detective fiction goes to Edgar Poe, who was a noted literary critic, poet, author and editor. He also has to his credit his contribution towards the emergence and evolution of the science fiction genre. His literary works have influenced literature in specialized fields like cryptography and cosmology. Being a part of the American Romantic Movement, Poe’s work has been made popular through various mediums like films, music, literature and television.